BOOKS ON ARCHITECTURE
|| Androuet du Cerceau, Jacques
|| « Petits temples »
|| Paris, Binha, 4° RES 77 (2)
||Churches, Domestic architecture, Palaces
entitled "Petits temples" by Heinrich von Geymüller consists
of fifty small engravings (283 x 190 mm), representing eighteen structures
(including religious edifices), indicated by a capital letter and classified
in alphabetical order. The plates are organized so as to present two,
three or four images on a same page, with plans, elevations and cross
most part it is a question of "temples" in the antique style,
principally with a centered plan. A few civil edifices complete the
series: palaces or urban residences and villas. For his religious edifices,
du Cerceau was probably inspired by Serlio's Cinquième Livre
, which had come out in 1547 in Paris. The elevation of temple F greatly
resembles that proposed by Serlio in volume 10v°; one finds other
resemblances between the cross section of temple F and that of volume
21v°. The representation technique which consists of showing the
edifices half in cross section and half in elevation also comes from
Serlio: temple L is engraved like the one in volume 6v°.
As for the
civil edifices, they are situated in the tradition of the Sesto
libro, Italian in their plans organized around a courtyard with
a portico and their very horizontal elevations, and at the same time
very French because of their sloping roofs and dormers. The idea of
the platform with corner bastions (palace F) was also inspired by Serlio.
Androuet certainly had the Italian's original text since the manuscript
(acquired in 1924 by the Avery Library of Columbia University in New
York city) had been annotated by his son Jacques II in the 17th century.
there remain a few edifices whose purpose is difficult to establish
with certainty, like "temple" Q, made up of a rusticated platform
carrying a tempietto with a centered plan, close to the "tempio
sacro" of Serlio's Quarto Libro (1537, ff. LVIIv°
and LVIII), but whose four porticos with pediments obviously evoke Palladio's
villa Rotonda. Perhaps it was a question of a garden folly or a hunting
rendez-vous, as Serlio had imagined for Fontainebleau.
Yves Pauwels (Centre d'études supérieures
de la Renaissance, Tours) – 2009
H. von Geymüller, Les Du Cerceau. Leur vie et leur œuvre
d’après les nouvelles recherches, Paris/London,
Rouam/Wood & Co, 1887, pp. 185, 201-202, 308.
A. Linzeler, Inventaire du fonds français. Graveurs du seizième
siècle, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, 1932, 1, p.
C. Mignot, "Bâtir pour toutes sortes de personnes : Serlio,
Du Cerceau, Le Muet et leurs successeurs en France. Fortune d’une
idée éditoriale", S. Deswarte-Rosa (ed.), Sebastiano
Serlio à Lyon. Architecture et imprimerie, Lyon, Mémoire
Active, 2004, p. 441, n. 6.